15 Jul A primitive period of formation, culminating with the geometric style
By Greek art (from the name of Attic- Beotic populations Graes, Graikoi, extended from the Latins to all the Hellenes) means the art produced by the Greek-speaking populations in peninsular and continental Greece, in the Aegean islands and in the colonies populated by Greeks established on the coasts of Asia Minor, the Black Sea, Sicily, of southern Italy and other Mediterranean locations, from the age of migrations of these populations in the basin of the Aegean Sea; then, after the conquests of Alexander the Great (336-323 BC), in the Hellenized territories of Anatolia, Syria and Egypt, until the full subjugation of those territories under Roman rule, practically from 130 to 31 a. C. (battle of Azio). Although the recent decipherment of the writing of the Mycenaean age (“linear B”Minoan – Mycenaean , art ). Actually art g. it begins its autonomous and coherent development only after the end of the Mycenaean age, and (although some precedents are noticeable since the twelfth century), it can be said that this development can be followed from 1000 BC. C. until the vulgar era.
Considering therefore the Mycenaean art, the great subdivisions of art g. are the following: training period (1000-650 BC), archaic and severe period (650-450 BC), classical period (450-326 BC, the so-called “golden age”), Hellenistic period (325-30 BC, approximately from the death of Alexander the Great to the battle of Azio). These four great subdivisions can be maintained only for educational and reference convenience; a better historical and critical understanding requires a different articulation, not only more detailed, but also with a different definition value. We will therefore have to distinguish a primitive period of formation, culminating with the geometric style (the 150-750 BC) geometric , style , geometric ,), a proto-Corinthian and proto-attic style (750-680 BC, v. protoattici , vases , protocorinzi , vases ), a dedàlico style (68o-610 BC, v. Dedalo ) a style of full archaism (610-530) and mature archaism (530-480 BC). The following period, called the severe style (480-450), is nowadays considered rather belonging to classical art than to archaic art. Moreover, the two periods of classical art are clearly distinguished, with a different evaluation, the one that still belongs to the fifth century, the fidiac and post-fidelity style (450-400) and the fourth-century style, articulated in large and different personalities of the sculptors Skopas, Prassitele, Lisippo. Also in Hellenistic art (see Hellenism) at least three periods are distinguished: those of the Lisippo school; of the Baroque of Samothrace, Rhodes and Pergamum and of the Alexandrian style; of eclectic classicism and naturalism. But especially for this Hellenistic phase the subdivisions may vary according to the criteria that the authors follow to define and to localize the various artistic tendencies of this period. The most elementary and most convenient distinction is that in early Hellenism (325-230 BC), middle Hellenism (230-170 BC) and late Hellenism (170-30 BC). For the formal continuity of art g. in the Roman era, starting from 100 a. C., v. Roman , art .