11 Feb Art and science. Teriaca vase
The therium was considered, since the most remote antiquity, the remedy par excellence of all ills, a universal panacea, its cost was very high and this meant that it was reserved only for the wealthy classes. Its name derives from the Greektherion , a term used to describe all poisonous animals.
It was therefore a polypharmac that was administered in the form of an electuary, that is a pharmaceutical preparation consisting of a dense mixture of active ingredients, powders, plant extracts all mixed with sweeteners especially honey in order to cover the flavor that had to be very unpleasant.
Tradition would have it conceived by Mitridate Eupator, King of Pontus, who, obsessed with the idea of dying poisoned, daily took small doses of the most diverse poisonous substances in order to immunize against each of them.
The Teriaca, passed to Rome through Pompey, winner of Mitridate, who seems to find in a box the formula of composition, was then recreated and perfected by Andromachus the Elder, doctor of Nero, with the addition of viper meat that should have increase in its opinion its virtues as an antidote.
After going through all of antiquity and the Middle Ages, the Teriaca maintained its prestige as a drug until the eighteenth-century chemical revolution that discredited it even though it continued to be produced in many places until the early twentieth century.